Date: 6/11/2002



...............Subject: 15th August 1947

[Sri Aurobindo had been requested by the All India Radio, Trichinopoly, to give a message for India's independence. This is the message, which was broadcast from the All India Radio on the 14th of August 1947. It is of special relevance and importance in this 55 th year of India's Independence. ]

August 15th, 1947 is the birthday of free India. It marks for her the end of an old era, the beginning of a new age. But we can also make it by our life and acts as a free nation an important date in a new age opening for the whole world, for the political, social, cultural and spiritual future of humanity.

August 15th is my own birthday and it is naturally gratifying to me that it should have assumed this vast significance. I take this coincidence, not as a fortuitous accident, but as the sanction and seal of the Divine Force that guides my steps on the work with which I began life, the beginning of its full fruition. Indeed, on this day I can watch almost all the world-movements, which I hoped to see fulfilled in my lifetime, though then they looked like impracticable dreams, arriving at fruition or on their way to achievement. In all these movements free India may well play a large part and take a leading position.

The first of these dreams was a revolutionary movement, which would create a free and united India. India today is free but she has not achieved unity. At one moment it almost seemed as if in the very act of liberation she would fall back into the chaos of separate States, which preceded the British conquest. But fortunately it now seems probable that this danger will be averted and a large and powerful, though not yet a complete union will be established. Also, the wisely drastic policy of the Constituent Assembly has made it probable that the problem of the depressed classes will be solved without schism or fissure. ....

Another dream was for the resurgence and liberation of the peoples of Asia and her return to her great role in the progress of human civilisation. Asia has arisen; large parts are now quite free or are at this moment being liberated: its other still subject or partly subject parts are moving through whatever struggled towards freedom. Only a little has to be done and that will be done today or tomorrow. There India has her part to play and has begun to play it with an energy and ability which already indicate the measure of her possibilities and the place she can take in the council of the nations.

The third dream was a world-union forming the outer basis of a fairer, brighter and nobler life for all mankinds. That unification of the human world is under way; there is an imperfect initiation organised by struggling against tremendous difficulties. But the momentum is there and it must inevitably increase and conquer. Here too India has begun to play a prominent part and, if she can develop that larger statesmanship which is not limited by the present facts and immediate possibilities but looks into the future and brings it nearer, her presence may make all the difference between a slow and timid and a bold and swift development. A catastrophe may intervene and interrupt or destroy what is being done, but even then the final result is sure.

For unification is a necessity of Nature, an inevitable movement. Its necessity for the nations is also clear, for without it the freedom of the small nations may be at any moment in peril and the life even of the large and powerful nations insecure. The unification is therefore to the interests of all, and only human imbecility and stupid selfishness can prevent it; but these cannot stand forever against the necessity of Nature and the Divine Will. But an outward basis is not enough; there must grow up an international spirit and outlook, international forms and institutions must appear, perhaps such developments, as dual or multilateral citizenship, willed interchange or voluntary fusion of cultures. Nationalism will have fulfilled itself and lost it militancy and would no longer find these things incompatible with self-preservation and the integrity of its outlook. A new spirit of oneness will take hold of the human race.

Another dream, the spiritual gift of India to the world has already begun. India's spirituality is entering Europe and America in an ever-increasing measure. That movement will grow; amid the disasters of the time more and more eyes are turning towards her with hope and there is even an increasing resort not only to her teachings, but also to her psychic and spiritual practice.

The final dream was a step in evolution, which would raise man to a higher and larger consciousness and begin the solution of the problems which have perplexed and vexed him since he first began to think and to dream of individual perfection and a perfect society. This is still a personal hope and an idea, an ideal which has begun to take hold both in India and in the West on forward-looking minds, The difficulties in the way are more formidable than in any other field of endeavour, but difficulties were made to be overcome and if the Supreme Will is there, they will be overcome. Here too, if this evolution is to take place, since it must proceed through a growth of the spirit and the inner consciousness, the initiative can come from India and, although the scope must be universal, the central movement may be hers.

Such is the content, which I put into this date of India's liberation; whether or how far this hope will be justified depends upon the new and free India.

Nothing is dearer than Her Service

There are times in a nation's history when Providence places before it one work, one aim, to which everything else, however high and noble in itself, has to be sacrificed. Such a time has now arrived for our Motherland when nothing is dearer than her service, when everything else is to be directed to that end. If you will study, study for her sake; train yourselves body and mind and soul for her sake. You will go abroad to foreign lands that you may bring back knowledge with which you may do service to her. Work that she may prosper. Suffer that she may rejoice. All is contained in that one single advice. ~ Sage Aurobindo



.......................N.S. Rajaram

In going to war two things are essential: first, a clear objective that will tell us when to stop the war; and second, getting the maximum out of the enemy's weakness at minimum suffering and cost to oneself. These are dictated by timing and environmental factors. One should not go to war simply to 'teach Pakistan a lesson,' and lose it politically for failing to press home clear objectives. This is what happened Simla in 1972. The politicians lost what the soldiers had gained. The lesson Pakistan learnt was that India could not be defeated in war, and so a proxy war was launched at low cost. The effect of mobilizing the forces on the border has been catastrophic for Pakistan. From a 'low cost' proxy war, Pakistan has been forced to move more than half its forces to the border. This is very expensive and it cannot afford it. This is bound to tell.

My own view is that the objective of the next war should be nothing less than the dismemberment of Pakistan-- break Sindh and Baluchistan, making both Indian dependencies. This will give control of the coastline to India and deny what is left of Pakistan any access to the sea. For this to happen, Pakistan must have dissension within itself, as was the case in 1971, before the Bangladesh War. This now appears to be developing within the Pakistani Army-- with the old guard close to the West and the younger generation fiercely anti-American. So, Musharraf may soon have to tell the Americans to leave Pakistan just to save himself. This could lead to a civil war within a few months, which should be allowed to develop. In the meantime, India should keep up the pressure to close down the terrorist bases in POK and Pakistan. As far as the timing is concerned, the monsoon season makes it impossible to move troops along the western border until September.

This means if Pakistan launches an attack on the vulnerable 'chicken neck' in the Jammu-Akhnoor sector cannot be countered by a major offensive along the western border by India. All these should be taken into consideration in starting a war. The most important is that war should not end as previous wars did-- military victory but political loss. And it should not be for small gains like 'teaching Pakistan a lesson.' It should be destroyed once and for all by dismembering it. Maximizing the internal pressure will help achieving it. So the longer Musharraf stays, the greater will be the dissensions. We should help him make more and more of a mess of his country so that it becomes all but non-functional. In summary, nothing prevents war, but it should be timed so that India gets maximum PERMANENT benefits.