The Origin of Allah
There is a mountain of archaeological evidence as well as info about sixth and seventh century Arabia, which gives us clues about who this Allah is. One should not forget that the Sumerians, Assyrians, Akkadians, Babylonians, Sabeans, Ur of the Chaldees, ancient Syria and Canaan all worshipped the pagan moon deity. There were many different names for the moon god. The Assyrians, Akkadians, and Babylonians called the moon god "SIN." Sin is a name essentially Sumerian in origin which had been borrowed by the Semites. Clay cylinders in Haran have been uncovered containing a prayer to the moon-god for Nabodinus' son Belshazzar. In Syria and Canna, the moon-god Sin, was actually depicted by the moon "in its crescent phase." The preceding line and the next one might shock you but when you find out you will see why the symbol of Islam is a crescent moon. In Persia, as well as Egypt, the moon god is depicted on wall murals and on heads of statues. He was the judge of men AND GODS. It is no mistake that Allah was "the chief god" at the Kabah among 359 other deities. He wasn't the only god, he was the supreme god. In Tell-el-Obied, a copper calf was found with a crescent moon on its forehead. An idol with the body of a bull and the head of a man has a crescent moon inlaid on its forehead with shells. In Ur, the Stela of Ur-Nammu has the crescent symbol placed at the top of the register of gods, because the moon god was the head of the gods. Even bread was baked in the form of a crescent as an act of devotion to the moon god. As we have already noted the ancient city of Ur had an entire temple devoted to the moon god. Another major temple to the moon deity was excavated at Hazor in Palestine. Two idols of the moon god were found. Each was a statue of a man sitting on a throne with a crescent moon carved on his chest. The accompanying inscriptions make it clear that these were idols of the moon god. Several smaller statues were also by inscriptions such as the DAUGHTERS OF THE MOON GOD. No doubt there as to the connection with the "three daughters of Allah," which Mohammed permitted Muslims to worship and then Gabriel rebuked him. Muslims have swept these verses, now known as the "satanic verses," under the rug. Mohammed claimed inspiration for allowing the worship of the "three daughters of Allah," then was rebuked in a classic act of abrogation. (Sura 53:19-20). Now that it has established that the moon god was very prevalent in ancient civilizations and that many of those civilizations viewed him as the supreme god but NOT the only god. What about Arabia? Muslims are notoriously loath to preserve traditions of earlier paganism and like to garble what pre-Islamic history they permit to survive in anachronistic terms. It is worth noting that Allah is never defined in the Koran (Quran). There is good reason for this, as we shall see. Archaeology, as has shown in proving the utmost historical accuracy of the Bible, has also lended a hand in helping us discern the origin of Allah (the Moon god). During the 18th century, Arnaud, Halevy, and Glaser went to Southern Arabia and dug up thousands of Sabean, Minaen, and Quatabanian inscriptions, which were subsequently translated. In the 1940's G. Caton Thompson and Coon made more amazing discoveries in Arabia. During the fifties, Wendell Phillips, W.F. Albright (who has also played a major hand in biblical excavations), Richard Bower, and many others excavated Quataban, Timna, and Marib (Yemen), which was the ancient capital of Sheba. Thousands of inscriptions from walls and rocks in northern Arabia have been collected. Reliefs and votive bowls used in worship of the infamous "daughters of Allah" have also been discovered. Those daughters (Al-Lat, Al-Uzza, and Manat, the same listing in Sura 53) are sometimes depicted together with Allah the moon god represented by a crescent moon above them. It is no surprise that the symbol of Islam is a crescent moon and the worship of these three daughters was abrogated quickly. Mohammed was simply following the Arabian religious customs. It shouldn't surprise anyone that this is in the Koran. It should also be noted that Al-Lat is the feminine form of Allah. Archaeology demonstrates that Arabia's dominant religion was the cult of the moon God. Mohammed was simply keeping with the "tradition" of that time. Allah was not the only god, simply the greatest god. 360 gods were worshipped at the Kabah and the chief deity was the moon god. This is evident in such Quranic passages as Sura 23:14 and 37:125 when Allah is called, "the BEST of the creators."
What other creators are there? Yet Allah is said to be "the creator of all things" in Sura 39:62. The paganism of Pre-Islamic Arabia is very evident. In 1944, G. Caton Thompson revealed in her book The Tombs and Moon Temple of Hureidha, that she had uncovered a temple of the moon god in Southern Arabia. The symbols of the crescent moon and no less than 21 inscriptions with the name Sin were found in this temple. An idol, which may be the moon god himself, was also discovered and confirmed by other archaeologists as well. (Richard Le Baron Bower Jr. and Frank P. Albright, Archaeological Discoveries in Southern Arabia, p.78; Ray Cleveland, An Ancient Southern Arabian Necropolis; Nelson Glueck, Deities and Dolphins) According to numerous inscriptions, while the name of the moon god was Sin, his title was al-ilah, "the deity," meaning that he was the chief deity among the gods. As Coon pointed out in p. 399 of his book, Southern Arabia, "The god Il or Ilah was originally a phase of the Moon god. Similarly, under Mohammed's tutelage, the relatively anonymous Ilah, became Al-Ilah, The God, or Allah, the Supreme Being." That is why Mohammed always assumed the pagan Arabs already knew who Allah was and they never accused him of worshipping a false god. Allah was known to the pre-Islamic Arabs; he was one of the Meccan deities... Ilah... appears in pre-Islamic poetry... By frequency of usage, al-ilah was contracted to allah, frequently attested to in pre-Islamic poetry." Historians like Vaqqidi have said Allah was actually the chief of the 360 gods being worshipped in Arabia at the time Mohammed rose to prominence. Ibn Al-Kalbi gave 27 names of pre-Islamic deities...Interestingly, not many Muslims want to accept that Allah was already being worshipped at the Ka'ba in Mecca by Arab pagans before Mohammed came. Some Muslims become angry when they are confronted with this fact. But history is not on their side. Pre-Islamic literature has proved this. Mohammd's father and uncle had Allah as part of their names (Abd-Allah and Obied-Allah). The fact that they were given such names by their parents proves that Allah was the title for the moon god even in Mohammad's day. Mohammad attempted to elevate Allah in a monotheistic context. It is no surprise that the first point of the Muslim creed is "Allah is the greatest," NOT "Allah is great." Why would Mohammed say that Allah is the "greatest" except in a polytheistic world-view? The Arabic word is contrasting the greater from the lesser. Mohammad tried to adopt a monotheistic world-view to the pagan Arabs and was relatively successful. In any case it is extremely important fact that Muhammad did not find it necessary to introduce an altogether novel deity, but contented himself with ridding the heathen Allah of his companions subjecting him to a kind of dogmatic purification. However, when he attempted this with the Jews and Christians of his day, he was soundly rejected. Al-Kindi, one of the early Christian apologists against Islam, pointed out that Islam and its god Allah did not come from the Bible but from the paganism of the Sabeans. They worshiped the moon god and his three daughters. Archaeology proves that Islam proved itself to be a separate and antagonistic religion which had sprung up from idolatry. From the archaeological evidence conveyed and discovered, it is impossible to avoid the fact that Allah is simply a false god taken from a smorgasbord of deities at the Kabah. It should come as no surprise that the crescent moon is the symbol of Islam, as well as being on the flag of many Islamic nations, fasting in the month that begins and ends with the crescent moon phase, kissing black stones, throwing stones at the Devil, etc. Islam is simply a revival of the cult of the moon god. Mohammed's compromises in the direction you were to face in prayer, etc, was simply based upon whom he was trying to appease at the time. (Sura 2:115, 144) One of the five pillars of Islam is fasting part of a day for a whole month. The Sabeans had this as one of their rituals. When the pagans arrived at Mecca, they ran around the Kabah seven times, kissed the black stone, then ran to the Wadi Mina to throw stones at the Devil. They even had a certain month in which fasting was to be done according to the lunar calendar. This evidence is well known to many Middle Eastern scholars. Many acknowledge the fact that these pagan rites comprised the religion, in which Mohammad was raised in, and it has left indelible watermarks in the Quran. It is also no surprise that the Quran NEVER defines or explains its ideas or rites, or the meaning of such words as Allah, Mecca, jinn, pilgrimage, Kabah, etc. The evidence clearly shows that Islam, as we understand it today, has its roots in pre-Islamic Arabia and its paganism. Allah has absolutely no connection with Judaism, Christianity or the Bible, but originated in early Arabia, as well as numerous Islamic customs. Islam is more a tradition then a religion. It is simply polytheism transformed into monotheism. Many orthodox Muslim scholars have taken objection to this. After all, the ruse is up and if Allah was derived from the pagan Arabs long before Mohammed then the whole belief system would go down the tubes.
However, with all the mental gymnastics that they apply, the truth is still very evident. This becomes painfully obvious to the Muslim when Mohammed quickly abrogated (recanted) Sura 53:19-20. The ruse was up and Mohammed tried not to give away the game too early as he had aspirations of gaining the Jews and Christians on his side. However, just like dozens of pagans before him, Mohammed was soundly rejected.