HORRENDOUS CONSEQUENCES OF ARTICLE 370 IN INDIA'S CONSTITUTION
...................Kanayalal M. Taireja
1. Two Constitutions, two flags, and two prime ministers in one country
Under Article 370, the state of Jammu and Kashmir was allowed to have its separate constitution, separate flag, separate emblem, and separate prime minister. Thus there were two constitutions, two flags and two prime ministers in one country. Pandit Nehru was the Prime Minister of Hindusthan and Sheikh Abdullah the Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir, which was declared as an inseparable part of Bharat
2. Application of two-nation theory
Even ordinary man of common sense will give verdict that by incorporating Article 370 in Bharatiya Constitution, the then ruling politicians implicitly implemented the two-nation theory, on the basis of which they gave one-third of the country in the form of Pakistan to the Muslims.
3. Secessionism spread to other states
The venomous tendencies of secessionism and separatism, strengthened by those, who incorporated the baneful Article 370 in Bharatiya Constitution, later on spread to Nagaland, Meghalava, Mizoram and the Punjab.
4. Regionalism and parochialism The Article 370 fanned and fed the forces of regionalism, provincialism, parochialism and obscurantism. It created regional conflicts, collisions and controversies in truncated Bharat.
5. Denial of fundamental right to settle permanently
Under Article 19 (1) (e) and (g) of our Constitution, it is fundamental right of the citizens of Bharat to reside and settle permanently in any part of the country, and to practice any profession or carry on any occupation, trade or business. But Article 370 deprived the citizens of Hindusthan of the right to settle permanently in Jammu and Kashmir. Is it not a strange discrimination that citizens of Jammu and Kashmir could settle in any province of Hindusthan but the citizens of Hindusthan could not settle in Jammu and Kashmir, because of this discriminatory Article 370? Even Pandit Nehru, the Prime Minister of free Hindusthan, could not settle in his own ancestral land Jammu and Kashmir, because of the baneful barrier of Article 370. No citizen of Hindusthan could go to the state of Jammu and Kashmir without a permit issued by the state government, headed by Sheikh Abdullah. Dr. Shyama Prasad Mookerjee, the founder of Bharatiya Jana Sangh (the progenitor of BJP) defied the permit system and entered the territory of Jammu and Kashmir without permit. He demanded from Nehru Government the abrogation of the detrimental Article 370, which smacked of secessionism.
Consequently he was arrested on May 11, 1953, and detained in Srinagar Guest House. On June 23, 1953, Dr. Mookerjee breathed his last, while in police custody in the Srinagar Hospital under suspicious situation: The unofficial probe pointed to medical murder. Thus the founder of Bharatiya Jana Sangh sacrificed his life for the abrogation of the venomous Article 370.
6. Denial of Fundamental right to purchase property
Under Article 370, citizens of Bharat cannot purchase immovable property in the State of Jammu and Kashmir, but the people of Kashmir can purchase property in other states of Hindusthan.
7. Deprivation of the right to vote
The citizens of Bharat cannot become the citizens of Jammu and Kashmir. Due to Article 370, they are deprived of their right to vote in the elections to the state assembly or municipal council or panchayats.
8. Double citizenship granted to the citizens of J&K
The Constitution of Hindusthan confers only one citizenship. But the citizens of Jammu and Kashmir enjoy double citizenship - one as citizens of Hindusthan and the other as citizens of the state.
9. Denial of Jobs
On account of Article 370, Indian citizens cannot get jobs in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. All the jobs in the state are reserved for the citizens of the state.
10 Detrimental to women of the state even
Article 370 is highly detrimental to the women, who are even born and brought up in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. If a woman, who is permanent citizen of the state, gets married to a man who is not a citizen of the state, she loses her properly. She is deprived of even her ancestral property. In the state of Jammu and Kashmir, domicile certificates issued to women are valid upto their marriage only. They have to acquire fresh 'Permanent Residence Certificate' after their marriage.
11. Denial of admission and job to Kashmiri women after marriage
If a woman, who is born and brought up in Jammu and Kashmir and is permanent citizen of the state, marries a citizen of Bharat, she cannot get a job in the state, nor can she get admission in medical, engineering or agricultural colleges established with the financial aid by the Union of Bharat. Shri Jagmohan, the former Governor of Kashmir and now the Union Minister of Culture and Tourism, cites cite such case of Dr. Rubeena Nasruilah in his book, My Frozen Turbulence in Kashmir.'
12. Victimization of Hindu Immigrants - Supreme Court helpless:
On account of unholy partition of the holy Motherland, unfortunate Hindus were ousted from their ancestral homes in West Pakistan. A few thousand Hindu families migrated to Jammu and Kashmir and settled there. Though, fifty five years have elapsed since their migration, yet they, their children and even grand-children have not been granted citizenship on the ground that outsiders cannot settle permanently in the state on account of Article 370.
Consequently, these unfortunate Hindus are deprived of their fundamental rights. They cannot purchase land for construction of their houses. Their names are not included in the electoral rolls of the state assembly. Hence, they cannot exercise their franchise in elections. They cannot get Government or semi-government jobs. They arc not sanctioned loans by the state government. They are not granted government licenses for the purpose of business. Their children are not granted admissions in medical or engineering colleges of the state, though the Union Government of Hindusthan bears most of the expenses of the said colleges.
Thus, they are treated as second-class citizens in a state, which is declared as an inseparable part of Bharat. Having seen no other alternative, the unfortunate displaced persons knocked the door of the Supreme Court. It is a matter of irony, agony and astonishment that though the Supreme Court realized the injustice rendered to them; yet, it could not give any relief to them because of the discriminatory Article 370. It is a heartrending tale that the honorable judges of the Supreme Court, in spite of having recognized their grievance as justifiable, expressed their inability in their judgment to give any relief to the unfortunate Hindu immigrants in view of the peculiar constitutional position prevailing in the state.
13. Incapability to alter the boundaries of Kashmir
Under Article 3 of Bharatiya Constitution, the Parliament has the right to change the boundaries of any province, provided the President consults with the authorities of the concerned province before signing the bill. But, on account of Article 370, the Parliament of Hindusthan cannot alter the boundaries of Jammu and Kashmir. For doing so, it has to seek approval from the Constituent Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir. It indicates that the Constituent Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir is above the Parliament of Hindusthan. Had Pandit Nehru not applied Article 370 to the state of Jammu and Kashmir, the Parliament of Hindusthan could have split Kashmir into various parts and annexed the said parts to the adjoining provinces. The only panacea to the problem of Kashmir is to abrogate Article 370, split Kashmir into parts and annex the said parts to the adjoining provinces in such a way that the Muslims may lose the majority, and Hindus may be induced to settle permanently in the said parts with overwhelming majority. The well-planned systematic dispersal of Muslim population and settlement of Hindu population in its place is the only remedy to the malady of Kashmir.
14. Non-acceptance of Hindi
The decision of the Union of Bharat pertaining to Hindi as National language could not be applied to Jammu and Kashmir because of Article 370. No member could speak in Hindi in the State Assembly without prior permission of the speaker.
15. No CBI in Kashmir
On account of baneful barrier of Article 370, Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) was not allowed to work in Jammu and Kashmir. Thus Sheikh Abdullah and his accomplices were let loose to collude with Pakistani conspirators and infiltrators. The reports of his collusions and conspiracies with Pakistani agents and spies could not reach the ears of the ruling leaders of Hindusthan.
16. Two Presidents in one country
It is astonishing that before 1964, the President of Hindusthan could not appoint a Governor in the State of Jammu and Kashmir, on account of restriction of discriminatory Article 370. The Legislative Assembly of Jammu and. Kashmir elected the head of the state, who was designated as the Sadar-i-Riyasal, which is an Urdu word. It means president. Thus the truncated Hindusthan had two presidents, one president of Hindusthan and second president of Jammu and Kashmir.
17. No President's Rule:
Before 1964, the Article 356 of Bharatiya Constitution was not applicable to the state of Jammu and Kashmir. This Article empowers the President to declare President's rule in a State. If the so called Prime Minister of the State, Sheikh Abdullah had refused to implement the instructions of Union of Bharat, pertaining to Defence, Foreign Affairs or Communication, the President of Hindusthan could not have declared President's rule in the state for want of application of 356 to the state. Ultimately, the Government of Bharat realized the gravity of the problem and Articles 356 and 357 of Bharatiya Constitution were made applicable to she state in 1964.
(To be continued...)
(Remarks by G.C.Asnani : Under the leadership of Late Shri Jawaharlal Nehru and more or less the timid cowardly members of the Parliament who dare not question the wisdom of Late Shri Jawaharlal Nehru, India has got into a mess, almost become a mad- house.
Subsequent politicians have done no better; they are slaves, I repeat slaves, to their selfish ambitions not to lose any Muslim vote. They gave a lame excuse that they did not have 2/3rd or 3/4th Majority to set the Constitution right in respect of Article 370. But they did not feel any shyness in sanctioning Permanent Pensions for themselves and their families even after they have retired from the Parliament. There should be some prick of conscience in the minds of honest Parliamentarians if any. Myself, I have felt extremely disappointed when I see the behavior of our great Politicians and they advise us to feel good. Having sanctioned Life Pensions for themselves and their families, they have reason to feel good,
Do they care for the country? I have great doubts. They certainly care for themselves and their families.
BJP rose from the ashes of Late Dr. Shyam Prasad Mukherjee and almost simultaneously from the ashes of Jan Sangh. Does any one dare to probe this process and question the validity of secularism of BJP? Has Jan Sangh been replaced by super-Congress and Dr. Shyam Prasad Mukherjee replaced by super-Nehrus? We Hindus must ask questions however unsavory they may be to the leader politicians. Hindus have to pick up courage and valor to ask questions; then we shall have leaders who are honest and truthful to the core.
We Hindus should remember that when Draupadi was in distress in the court of Dhritrashtra, threatened to be dis-robed in the open Darbar, she approached veterans like Bhisham Pitamah and Dronacharya; they kept quiet. It was only Sri Vidurji who stood up and spoke the Truth in favor of Draupadi.
Ultimately, what happened to that Darbar of Dhrithrashtra and to the veterans Bhisham Pitamah and Dronacharya?
The Darbar disappeared and went into ruins; the veterans lost their life. Has India now come to a similar stage where so much injustice and incompatibility are reigning supreme? I suspect that a similar stage has come for India unless Hindus rise up boldly, AND QUICKLY, and put questions to the political leaders straight into their faces.
No timidity, no hide- and- seek game. Talk it straight, play the game straight;
WHEN VETERANS AND TRUE PATRIOTS FEEL THE HURT, SEEING THE MISUSE OF POWER, RAMPANT CORRUPTION, THUGGERY, DECEIT, DYNASTIC RULE AND NEPOTISM, THEN IT MEANS STUNDE NULL FOR THE NATION HAS COME.