Date: 1/1/2006


THE MICE AND JACKALS WHO LIVE IN INDIA, HAVE SUPPRESSED THE HORROS OF INDIA'S UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER TO ISLAM IN 1947.//// THIS IS NOT ONLY BETRAYAL OF NATION BUT ALSO HIGH TREASON SINCE WHEN THE TRUTH DOES SURFACE, THERE WILL BE BIGGEST AND BLOODIEST FIREWORKD IN PARTITIONED INDIA. //// WHAT FOOLS WHO DID NOT LEARN ANY LESSON FROM 1947 AND NEITHER PUT THE EVENT IN SCHOOL TEXT BOOKS NOR IN THEIR CONSTITUTION. //// =========================//// > There is a very good book on organised riots called > Contesting The Nation, it gives very graphic > accounts of the BJP politics especially in Utter > Pardes.Its simple as BJP followers throwing a cows > head into a Hindu Temple just before any elections > and it usually ends in hundreds dead and BJP > winning.//// > This is followed by many parties including the > Congress Party. > //// > The Arya Samaj was very active in religious > conversions of the Sikhs after the fall of the Sikh > Kingdom.It was in the interest of the right wing > Hindu organisations to cause hatred between the > Sikhs and the Muslims so that the whole of Panjab > doesnt slip away from India. > //// > I have been around different parts of Pakistan and > all i got was a very respectful and warm > welcome.There are many elders in Pakistan who fondly > remember their villages.houses and friends in Panjab > with great joy and become very emotional with the > sadness of the partition. > //// > -----Original Message-----//// > PARTITION VOICES AND MEMORIES FROM > AMRITSAR > //// > > [December 29, 2005]//// > > Etchings of Violence//// > (India Today Via Thomson Dialog NewsEdge)EPICENTRE > OF VIOLENCE: PARTITION VOICES AND MEMORIES FROM > AMRITSAR//// > > Edited by Ian Talbot and Darshan Singh Tatla//// > > Permanent Black//// > > Price: Rs 595//// > > Pages: 234//// > > Many modern scholars argue that communal riots can > only continue when government fails. Ian Talbot and > Darshan Singh Tatla's collection of interviews with > refugees from East Punjab at Partition supports this > view. As Talbot puts it in his introduction, "None > of this (violence) could have continued... without > the connivance of officials, policemen and soldiers. > Many of the attacks in both sides of Punjab were > carried out with military precision." > //// > Without any editorial comment, save a short > introduction, the interviews are presented as > straight transcriptions translated largely from > Punjabi. All of the interviewees were what Talbot > calls "acute refugees" who eventually settled in > Amritsar, an epicentre of Partition violence and a > place of transit for tens of thousands of displaced > people. In the city itself on the eve of Partition, > Muslims made up 49 per cent of the population, most > of them artisans. By 1951 they were 0.52 per cent. > //// > The interviewees, mainly Sikhs from varied economic > and educational backgrounds, reveal the resilience > of the refugees and how little they relied on > government assistance to support themselves. > Voluntary organisations and gurdwaras came forward > spontaneously to help feed and clothe them. One > figure, Bijli Pahalwan, is mentioned more than once. > A leading Hindu transporter of the city, he arranged > free transport and truckloads of men to defend the > Golden Temple in case of attack.//// > > Each interviewee describes his or her relations with > Muslims before independence. More often than not > these relations were close. Sardar Aridaman Singh > Dhillon's grandfather protected Muslims in his area > and ensured they crossed safely to Pakistan, > motivated by the principles of Sikhism. Dhillon sees > the original roots of the divisions in Punjab in the > aggressive attitude of the Arya Samaj to other > religions and its expression in the Punjabi press > published from Lahore. He is one of the few to > mention the press. For many during Partition local > news seemed to come through word of mouth, much of > it rumour. Dhillon also assesses the damaging role > the British and the local Congress party played, > while many of the other interviewees blame Partition > more generally on politicians. > //// > Inexplicably only four of the respondents in this > collection are women, although those who are > included have valuable experiences to relate. One > helped to recover Muslim women abducted by Sikh and > Hindu men and take them to Pakistan. One of the > women escaped back to India at great personal risk > and others objected violently to being taken away. > Another interviewee tells how her brother intended > to kill her so that she wouldn't be raped if their > column of carts were attacked by Muslims, but that > other refugees dissuaded him. Three of the > interviewees were under 10 years old at > independence, perhaps too young to have been > included. This is, however, a small complaint. > //// > Nearly 60 years have passed since 1947 and the > chances to hear the voices of witnesses to Partition > are dwindling just as the importance of oral > accounts of historical events has been widely > recognised. In this context this serious and > scholarly volume is to be warmly welcomed. > //// > > > //// > ..........................000000000