date: 07 jun 2008 comment: http://www.hrw.org/doc?t=asia&c=india http://hrw.org/english/docs/2007/10/18/india17103.htm in order to end the institutional defects that foster impunity in punjab and elsewhere in the country, the government should take new legal and practical steps, including the establishment of a commission of inquiry, a special steps, including the establishment of a commission of inquiry, a special prosecutor's office, and an extensive reparations program. the 123-page report, "protecting the killers: a policy of impunity in punjab, india <http://hrw.org/reports/2007/india1007/>," examines the challenges faced by victims and their relatives in pursuing legal avenues for accountability for the human rights abuses perpetrated during the government's counterinsurgency campaign. the report describes the impunity enjoyed by officials responsible for violations and the near total failure of india's judicial and state institutions, from the national human rights commission to the central bureau of investigation (cbi), to provide justice for victims' families. http://hrw.org/reports/2007/india1007/ http://hrw.org/english/docs/2008/04/10/india18507.htm we write to you about the foreign contribution (regulation) act (fcra), which the indian parliament passed in 1976 during a state of emergency, and a proposed new bill, the foreign contribution (regulation) bill, 2006 (fcrb), which your government introduced to the rajya sabha in december (fcrb), which your government introduced to the rajya sabha in december 2006. the new bill was referred to the parliamentary standing committee and is presently awaiting cabinet approval before being placed for enactment. if adopted, it will replace the fcra. initially, the primary purpose of the fcra was to prohibit political parties, politicians, and election candidates from accepting foreign material and financial support in order to ensure that indian elections were not affected by foreign interests. however, provisions were also included which made it compulsory for associations considered to be of a "political nature" to obtain prior permission from the government before accepting any foreign contributions. through an amendment in 1985, the act's emphasis on nongovernmental organizations (ngos) increased. organizations having a "definite cultural, economic, educational, religious or social programme" have also been required to either register themselves with the government or receive its prior permission in order to accept foreign donations and contributions. rgds 000000000
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