Date: 19 Mar 2009


The Dhimmitude of the Hindus during the Muslim rule is perhaps best described by the conversation between Sultan Allauddin Khilji and a qazi called Mughisuddil as given below- 
Conversation Between Sultan Alauddin Khilji and Qazi Mughisuddin 

One day Kazi Mughisuddin visited the court of Sultan Alauddin Khilji and his court chronicler Ziauddin Barni, to describe the incident in Tarikh-i-Firozshahi, writes, 

“The Sultan asked the kazi, ‘How are Hindus designated in the (Islamic) law, as payers of tribute (Kharaj-gauzar)  or giver of tribute (Kharaj-dih)?’ 

The kazi replied, ‘They are called payers of tribute and when the revenue officer demands silver from them, they should, without question and with all humility and respect, tender gold. 

If the officer throws dirt into their mouths, they must without reluctance open their mouths wide to receive it. 

By doing so they show their respect for the officer. 

The due subordination of the Zimmi (tribute payer) is exhibited in this humble payment and by this throwing of dirt in their mouths. 

The glorification of Islam is a duty.  … Allah holds them in contempt, for He says, ‘Keep them in subjection’. 

To keep the Hindus in abasement is especially a religious duty because they are the most inveterate enemies of the Prophet and because the Prophet has commanded us to slay them, plunder them and make them captive, saying, ‘Convert them to Islam or kill them, enslave them and spoil their wealth and property. 

No doctor but  the great doctor (Hanifa), to whose school we belong, has asserted to the imposition of the jizya (poll tax) on Hindus. 

Doctors of other schools allow no other alternative but ‘death or Islam’.” 

(H. M. Elliot & J. Dowson, HISTORY OF INDIA: As Told by It’s Own Historians, III,184).