Date: 24/08/2013

IAS stands for Indian Administrative Service.
IPS stands for Indian Police Service.

In a message dated 24/08/2013 17:19:14 GMT Daylight Time, XXXXXXXXX writes:

I recently heard Kuldip Nayar raising the issue of Lal Bahadur Shastri's missing thermos and diary from his bedroom in Tashkand in Karan Thaper's interview. Why was it not raised during Indira Gandhi's period?

British Media is alert and have put Lords and MP's behind bar by exposing them in public domain. Why even such senior journalists in India become sycophants?>>

Though Lal Bahadur Shastri had his own staff to look after him, the Indian Ambassador in Moscow brought his Muslim cook to Tashkent, and it was this cook who served the last drink of milk to Shastri before he retired.

This Muslim cook accompanied Gen.Ayub Khan to Pakistan after Shastri was declared dead in sleep, Kaul returned to Moscow and the body was brought to Delhi. When Lalitha Shastri found her husband's body totally bluish in colour, she asked for a post mortem suspecting poisoning him. But Indira Gandhi ruled out any post mortem and ordered his cremation!!

Where were the upright Cabinet Secretary or bureaucracy then?

What Kuldip nayar revealed should have been exposed earlier before the cremation of Shastri, if he had known this earlier.

Nehru dynasty has been in the horrendous habit of killing possible aspirants to the PM, Rajesh Pilot and MadhavRao being the latest cases of death by "accidents".

2. Indeed bureaucracy has been and is the backbone of the Constitutional structure of the Govt. But the Political powers to play with them as the Chess pawns has made them so submissive as we have seen how the young Nagpal is harassed by UP Govt.

TN Seshan once mentioned his experience as a Collector that when he disagreed with the Minister on his instructions as illegal while travelling with him in the official car, the Minister got the car stopped in a deserted arid forest area and drove away and he had to walk in his suit in the hot Sun many miles to reach the nearest Village.

Such unfettered powers to Politicians should be restrained and all trasnfers and promotions of bureaucrats should be only under the Committee consisting of Cabinet Secretary and Chief Secretaries, UPSC Chairman among others and not Ministers.

Sent: Saturday, August 24, 2013 5:10 PM
Subject: Fwd: Between the lines: Kuldip Nayar.

Please read the views of senior journalist Shri Kuldip Nayar first my comments at the bottom.


Between the lines
Kuldip Nayar

The Emergency was a watershed moment; the IAS, which was envisioned as the steel frame of the country, became the steal frame almost overnight. There is a pressing need for course correction. IAS officers must begin asserting themselves and standing up to politicians’ wrongs.

The Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is at the apex of the country’s administration. It replaced the Indian Civil Service (ICS), which was an instrument in the hands of the British to rule over India. After independence, there was serious thinking whether there should be an all-India service at all. The states wanted persons from their own area to administer them.

But Home Minister Sardar Patel was particular about having an all-India service to articulate the feeling of unity and maintain the diversities prevailing in the country. The service would also, Patel asserted, ensure that the Indian Constitution remained supreme in the medley of pulls by different states. Two all-India services, Indian Administrative Service and Indian Police Service (IPS), were constituted. They came to occupy top positions in the states.

This arrangement worked fairly well till the early 1970s, when the rot started due to the Centre’s maniacal effort to concentrate power and the states’ ambition to play politics through civil servants. This has practicably nullified good administration. The IAS has become a glorified state service. The rulers use it in the manner they like.

In reality, the Emergency was the watershed. The then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi suspended the constitution and used IAS officers to enforce illegal acts and suppress critics. This was the time when the thin line between right and wrong, moral and immoral was erased. Only a couple of officers stood up against what was sheer dictatorship. Fear of punishment for disobedience made the service servile. It was once a steel frame, but it has now turned into a steal frame. The Shah Commission, appointed to look into the excesses during the Emergency, has deplored the way the bureaucracy caved in. The Commission said: “The ethical considerations inherent in public behaviour became generally dim and in many cases beyond the mental grasp of many of the public functionaries. Desire for self-preservation as admitted by a number of public servants at various levels became the sole motivation for their official actions and behaviour…”

The service has not recovered from the carrots dangled before it during the Emergency. In fact, it is going out of the way to placate the rulers. The latter, in turn, have rewarded those who did what the rulers wanted. The malaise is largely because of two reasons: one, the rulers do not respect the regulations and violate them to reap benefits for themselves and their parties; two, the IAS officers who are allotted to the states have surrendered because of threat of transfer or posting to an unimportant position.

Therefore, it is heartening to see IAS officers like Durga Shakti Nagpal from UP and Ashok Khemka from Haryana standing up against the wrongs the rulers wished they committed. Nagpal has been suspended because she stopped illegal mining by the sand mafia. The Samajwadi Party, ruling UP and placating the Muslim electorate, has justified her suspension, saying that she had endangered communal harmony by ordering the demolition of an outside wall of a mosque. One, this is not true. Two, she was within her rights to demolish any unauthorised structure on government land. In a judgment, the Supreme Court has said that a place of worship should be pulled down immediately if government land has been encroached upon.

It is a pity that the Supreme Court rejected a public interest litigation (PIL) challenging her suspension. The Court is technically correct that it cannot interfere in matters between the government and the employees. The Court had the opportunity to set right the rot. It should have realised the anger which swept through the country following action against the two officials.
The support of IAS associations from some states and the trainees at Mussorie for Nagpal evokes hope that the service, which has ingratiated itself with politicians, may begin to assert itself as was the case before the Emergency. The manner in which the three-member IAS officers’ committee endorsed the Haryana government casts shadow on the behaviour of the service. The nation still hopes that the bureaucracy will make up for the deficiencies politicians, particularly of those belonging to ruling parties in the states and the Centre, have created in the system.
In many foreign countries, there is a committee for civil service supervising suspensions, transfers and promotions of officials. A similar committee can be constituted in India as well. The task can also be entrusted to the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC), which is the recruiting authority.

The service itself will have to introspect if officers were to act only on the basis of self-promotion. Today when the common man does not get even what is rightfully due to him, he is disillusioned with the entire system. True, politicians will continue to keep an eye on the electorate, but the IAS cannot afford to fall prey to their designs. A public functionary must display a degree of vigilance and willingness to sacrifice. The Gandhi dynasty should draw a lesson from the example of Feroze Gandhi, son-in-law of Jawaharlal Nehru. Feroze Gandhi would take up cases of corruption in Parliament, even to the embarrassment of Nehru. He was so upright that he did not even live at the Prime Minister’s house, but had a separate bungalow to which he was entitled as a Member of Parliament. It is another matter that Feroze Gandhi’s son, Rajiv Gandhi, got the atmosphere contaminated when, as the Prime Minister, he bought the Bofors guns. Corruption of the dynasty has not lessened either in tone or tenor. Robert Vadra, son-in-law of Congress president Sonia Gandhi, has created a stench.

Coming back to the IAS, its name is in the mud. It must retrieve itself not only for the sake of the Durgas and Khemkas, but also for the public which is still hoping against hope that its officers will not dance to the tunes of the rulers. That is how the democratic structure in the country can be made safer.

The writer is a veteran journalist and commentator

Yes, what ever Shri Kuldip Nayar says has been the rot from the period of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. He was dogmatic and hedonistic. Many of his ministers opposed his habit of taking decisions without proper consultations. That attitude becomes the corner stone of "Dynasty Rule." Indira Gandhi was self-proclaimed autocrat. Rajiv Gandhi who came as clean man (without any political acumen), got exposed in Bofors and failed in protecting Tamils in Sri Lanka. His decision to send IPKF (Indian Peace Keeping Force) to Sri Lanka was a great blunder and I do not know on whose political advice the decision was taken? Now the Italian Madam is using the Congress Party and it's members as her own property. Indian Congressman has lost all self respect and are happy to be used as rubber stamp. Congressman of all category, new or old, have become sycophants.

Many members of Parliament or State Assemblies are using their privileges as weapon to silence their opponents. Businessmen and Industrialists are having 'heyday', as long as they support the Government. Sons and Daughters of Political leaders have become law into themselves.

Bureaucrats, Civil servants and Police have become subservient to the Political Executive. They have lost their neutrality. IAS, IPS and IFS officers are specially trained to run the administration of the nation without any favor or fear. They are supposed to be the cream of the educated society.

Mr. Kuldip Nayar is a renowned journalist himself and must take a fair share of blame and criticism for not exposing the corrupt politicians in his long carrier. I recently heard Kuldip Nayar raising the issue of Lal Bahadur Shastri's missing thermos and diary from his bedroom in Tashkand in Karan Thaper's interview. Why was it not raised during Indira Gandhi's period?

British Media is alert and have put Lords and MP's behind bar by exposing them in public domain. Why even such senior journalists in India become sycophants?